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[texts]Contracting the Facebook API - Ben Rubinger
In recent years, there has been an explosive growth in the popularity of online social networks such as Facebook. In a new twist, third party developers are now able to create their own web applications which plug into Facebook and work with Facebook's "social" data, enabling the entire Facebook user base of more than 400 million active users to use such applications. These client applications can contain subtle errors that can be hard to debug if they misuse the Facebook API...
Downloads: 42
[texts]An Ad-Hoc Method for Obtaining chi**2 Values from Unbinned Maximum Likelihood Fits - M. Williams
A common goal in an experimental physics analysis is to extract information from a reaction with multi-dimensional kinematics. The preferred method for such a task is typically the unbinned maximum likelihood method. In fits using this method, the likelihood is a goodness-of-fit quantity in that it effectively discriminates between available hypotheses; however, it does not provide any information as to how well the best hypothesis describes the data...
Downloads: 105
[texts]MATLAB codes for teaching quantum physics: Part 1 - Rafael Garcia
Among the ideas to be conveyed to students in an introductory quantum course, we have the pivotal idea championed by Dirac that functions correspond to column vectors (kets) and that differential operators correspond to matrices (ket-bras) acting on those vectors. The MATLAB (matrix-laboratory) programming environment is especially useful in conveying these concepts to students because it is geared towards the type of matrix manipulations useful in solving introductory quantum physics problems...
Downloads: 201
[texts]Time-Resolved Studies of Stick-Slip Friction in Sheared Granular Layers - S. Nasuno
Sensitive and fast force measurements are performed on sheared granular layers undergoing stick-slip motion, along with simultaneous imaging. A full study has been done for spherical particles with a +-20% size distribution. Stick-slip motion due to repetitive fluidization of the layer occurs for low driving velocities. Between major slip events, slight creep occurs that is variable from one event to the next...
Downloads: 52
[texts]Wide-field weak lensing by RXJ1347-1145 - Thomas P. Kling
We present an analysis of weak lensing observations for RXJ1347-1145 over a 43' X 43' field taken in B and R filters on the Blanco 4m telescope at CTIO. RXJ1347-1145 is a massive cluster at redshift z=0.45. Using a population of galaxies with 20
Downloads: 37
[texts]Circumstellar disks and planets. Science cases for next-generation optical/infrared long-baseline interferometers - Sebastian Wolf
We present a review of the interplay between the evolution of circumstellar disks and the formation of planets, both from the perspective of theoretical models and dedicated observations. Based on this, we identify and discuss fundamental questions concerning the formation and evolution of circumstellar disks and planets which can be addressed in the near future with optical and infrared long-baseline interferometers...
Downloads: 103
[texts]Singularities of plurisubharmonic functions and positive closed currents - Alexander Rashkovskii
This is a survey of results, both classical and recent, on behaviour of plurisubharmonic functions near their $-\infty$-points, together with the related topics for positive closed currents.
Downloads: 39
[texts]Strongly hyperbolic Hamiltonian systems in numerical relativity: Formulation and symplectic integration - Ronny Richter
We consider two strongly hyperbolic Hamiltonian formulations of general relativity and their numerical integration with a free and a partially constrained symplectic integrator. In those formulations we use hyperbolic drivers for the shift and in one case also for the densitized lapse. A system where the densitized lapse is an external field allows to enforce the momentum constraints in a holonomically constrained Hamiltonian system and to turn the Hamilton constraint function from a weak to a s...
Downloads: 132
[texts]Topological Susceptibility and Contact Term in QCD. A Toy Model - Evan Thomas
We study a number of different ingredients related to $\theta$ dependence, the non-dispersive contribution in topological susceptibility with the "wrong" sign, topological sectors in gauge theories, and related subjects using a simple "deformed QCD". This model is a weakly coupled gauge theory, which however has all the relevant essential elements allowing us to study difficult and nontrivial questions which are known to be present in real strongly coupled QCD...
Downloads: 23
[texts]CPT invariance and neutrino physics - I. S. Tsukerman
CPT invariance in neutrino physics has attracted attention after the revival of the hypothetical idea that neutrino and antineutrino might have nonequal masses ($m_{\bar\nu} \neq m_{\nu}$) when realizing neutrino oscillations as a new sensitive phenomenon to search for the violation of this fundamental symmetry. Moreover, the profound relation between the CPT and Lorentz symmetries turns the studies of CPT and Lorentz invariance violations into the {\bf one two-sided} problem...
Downloads: 25
[texts]API Blender: A Uniform Interface to Social Platform APIs - Georges Gouriten
With the growing success of the social Web, most Web developers have to interact with at least one social Web platform, which implies studying the related API specifications. These are often only informally described, may contain errors, lack harmonization, and generally speaking make the developer's work difficult. Most attempts to solve this problem, proposing formal description languages for Web service APIs, have had limited success outside of B2B applications; we believe it is due to their ...
Downloads: 18
[texts]Astrophysics in 2005 - V. Trimble
We bring you, as usual, the Sun and Moon and stars, plus some galaxies and a new section on astrobiology. Some highlights are short (the newly identified class of gamma-ray bursts, and the Deep Impact on Comet 9P/ Tempel 1), some long (the age of the universe, which will be found to have the Earth at its center), and a few metonymic, for instance the term "down-sizing" to describe the evolution of star formation rates with redshift.
Downloads: 196
[texts]Probing a regular orbit with spectral dynamics - Y. Copin
We have extended the spectral dynamics formalism introduced by Binney & Spergel, and have implemented a semi-analytic method to represent regular orbits in any potential, making full use of their regularity. We use the spectral analysis code of Carpintero & Aguilar to determine the nature of an orbit (irregular, regular, resonant, periodic) from a short-time numerical integration. If the orbit is regular, we approximate it by a truncated Fourier time series of a few tens of terms per coordinate...
Downloads: 12
[texts]Massive MIMO for Next Generation Wireless Systems - Erik G. Larsson
Multi-user Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) offers big advantages over conventional point-to-point MIMO: it works with cheap single-antenna terminals, a rich scattering environment is not required, and resource allocation is simplified because every active terminal utilizes all of the time-frequency bins. However, multi-user MIMO, as originally envisioned with roughly equal numbers of service-antennas and terminals and frequency division duplex operation, is not a scalable technology...
Downloads: 108
[texts]Topological order and magnetic flux fractionalization in Josephson junction ladders with Mobius boundary conditions: a twisted CFT description - Gerardo Cristofano
We propose a CFT description for a closed one-dimensional fully frustrated ladder of quantum Josephson junctions with Mobius boundary conditions (see cond-mat/0503555; we show how such a system can develop topological order thanks to flux fractionalization. Such a property is crucial for its implementation as a "protected" solid state qubit.
Downloads: 30
[texts]Simple synchronization of independent picosecond photon sources for quantum communication experiments - O. Landry
An essential requirement for the future of quantum communication is the capability to create undistinguishable photons at distant locations. The main challenge is to control the various sources of timing jitter in order to conserve temporal undistinguishability. We report on a system that enables a large tolerance against such jitter by using synchronized sources of photons with coherence lengths on the order of centimeters.
Downloads: 12
[texts]Constraints on the IR behaviour of gluon and ghost propagator from Ward-Slavnov-Taylor identities - Ph. Boucaud
We consider the constraints of the Slavnov-Taylor identity of the IR behaviour of gluon and ghost propagators and their compatibility with solutions of the ghost Dyson-Schwinger equation and with the lattice picture.
Downloads: 17
[texts]The Connection between BL Lacs and FSRQs - V. D'Elia
We discuss the features that mark the Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars from the BL Lacertae objects. We propose that FSRQs exceeding L = 10^{46} erg/s are powered by black hole accreting at rates dm/dt = 1 - 10; their power is dominated by the disk components, thermal and BZ. Instead, sources accreting at rates 10^{-3} < dm/dt < 10^{-2} radiate in the BL Lac mode; here the power is mainly non-thermal, and is driven by the rotational energy stored in a Kerr hole which sustains L < 10^{46} erg/s in the...
Downloads: 16
[texts]Massive Stars in the Quintuplet Cluster - Donald F. Figer
We present near-infrared photometry and K-band spectra of newly-identified massive stars in the Quintuplet Cluster, one of the three massive clusters projected within 50 pc of the Galactic Center. We find that the cluster contains a variety of massive stars, including more unambiguously identified Wolf-Rayet stars than any cluster in the Galaxy, and over a dozen stars in earlier stages of evolution, i.e., LBV, Ofpe/WN9, and OB supergiants...
Downloads: 42
[texts]The benefits of the orthogonal LSM models - Z. Mikulasek
In the last few decades both the volume of high-quality observing data on variable stars and common access to them have boomed; however the standard used methods of data processing and interpretation have lagged behind this progress. The most popular method of data treatment remains for many decades Linear Regression (LR) based on the principles of Least Squares Method (LSM) or linearized LSM. Unfortunately, we have to state that the method of linear regression is not as a rule used accordingly ...
Downloads: 465
[texts]Background due to stored electrons following nuclear decays in the KATRIN spectrometers and its impact on the neutrino mass sensitivity - S. Mertens
The KATRIN experiment is designed to measure the absolute neutrino mass scale with a sensitivity of 200 meV at 90% C.L. by high resolution tritium beta-spectroscopy. A low background level of 10 mHz at the beta-decay endpoint is required in order to achieve the design sensitivity. In this paper we discuss a novel background source arising from magnetically trapped keV electrons in electrostatic retarding spectrometers...
Downloads: 28
[texts]Electron fractionalization and cuprate superconductivity - T. Senthil
We discuss the possibility that the electron may be fractionalized in some quantum phases of matter in two or higher dimensions. We review the theory of such phases, and show that their effective theory is a $Z_2$ gauge theory. These phases may be characterized theoretically through the notion of topological order. We discuss the appeal of fractionalization ideas for building theories of the cuprates, and possible ways of testing these ideas.
Downloads: 30
[texts]A High Energy Electron and Photon Detector Simulation System - Srikanta Sinha
A detailed Monte-Carlo code has been developed from basic principles that simulates almost all of the basic photon and charged particle interactions. The code is used to derive the response functions of a high energy photon detector to incident beams of photons of various energies. The detector response matrices (DRMs) are calculated using this code. Deconvolution of an artificially generated spectrum is presented.
Downloads: 13
[texts]Independent screening for single-index hazard rate models with ultra-high dimensional features - Anders Gorst-Rasmussen
In data sets with many more features than observations, independent screening based on all univariate regression models leads to a computationally convenient variable selection method. Recent efforts have shown that in the case of generalized linear models, independent screening may suffice to capture all relevant features with high probability, even in ultra-high dimension. It is unclear whether this formal sure screening property is attainable when the response is a right-censored survival tim...
Downloads: 28
[texts]OP2 bundles in M-theory - Hisham Sati
Ramond has observed that the massless multiplet of eleven-dimensional supergravity can be generated from the decomposition of certain representation of the exceptional Lie group F4 into those of its maximal compact subgroup Spin(9). The possibility of a topological origin for this observation is investigated by studying Cayley plane, OP2, bundles over eleven-manifolds Y. The lift of the topological terms gives constraints on the cohomology of Y which are derived...
Downloads: 43
[texts]Objectively discerning Autler-Townes Splitting from Electromagnetically Induced Transparency - Petr M. Anisimov
Autler-Townes splitting (ATS) and electromagnetically-induced transparency (EIT) both yield transparency in an absorption profile, but only EIT yields strong transparency for a weak pump field due to Fano interference. Empirically discriminating EIT from ATS is important but so far has been subjective. We introduce an objective method, based on Akaike's information criterion, to test ATS vs. EIT from experimental data and determine which pertains...
Downloads: 109
[texts]Verification of Relational Data-Centric Dynamic Systems with External Services - Babak Bagheri Hariri
Data-centric dynamic systems are systems where both the process controlling the dynamics and the manipulation of data are equally central. In this paper we study verification of (first-order) mu-calculus variants over relational data-centric dynamic systems, where data are represented by a full-fledged relational database, and the process is described in terms of atomic actions that evolve the database...
Downloads: 35
[texts]Thermodynamics of noncommutative de Sitter spacetime - B. Vakili
We study the effects of noncommutativity of spacetime geometry on the thermodynamical properties of the de Sitter horizon. We show that noncommutativity results in modifications in temperature, entropy and vacuum energy and that these modifications are of order of the Planck scale, suggesting that the size of the noncommutative parameter should be close to that of the Planck. In an alternative way to deal with noncommutativity, we obtain a quantization rule for the entropy...
Downloads: 21
[texts]About sum rules for Gould-Hopper polynomials - O. Lévêque
We show that various identities from [1] and [3] involving Gould-Hopper polynomials can be deduced from the real but also complex orthogonal invariance of multivariate Gaussian distributions. We also deduce from this principle a useful stochastic representation for the inner product of two non-centered Gaussian vectors and two non-centered Gaussian matrices. [1] J. Daboul, S. S. Mizrahi, O(N) symmetries, sum rules for generalized Hermite polynomials and squeezed state, J...
Downloads: 22
[texts]On the Evolution of Abelian-Higgs String Networks - J. N. Moore
We study the evolution of Abelian-Higgs string networks in large-scale numerical simulations in both a static and expanding background. We measure the properties of the network by tracing the motion of the string cores, for the first time estimating the rms velocity of the strings and the invariant string length, that is, the true network energy density. These results are compared with a velocity-dependent one scale model for cosmic string network evolution...
Downloads: 22
[texts]An exploration of the permanent-determinant method - Greg Kuperberg
The permanent-determinant method and its generalization, the Hafnian-Pfaffian method, are methods to enumerate perfect matchings of plane graphs that was discovered by P. W. Kasteleyn. We present several new techniques and arguments related to the permanent-determinant with consequences in enumerative combinatorics. Here are some of the results that follow from these techniques: 1. If a bipartite graph on the sphere with 4n vertices is invariant under the antipodal map, the number of matchings i...
Downloads: 10
[texts]Scattering and Trapping of Nonlinear Schroedinger Solitons in External Potentials - H. Sakaguchi
Soliton motion in some external potentials is studied using the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation. Solitons are scattered by a potential wall. Solitons propagate almost freely or are trapped in a periodic potential. The critical kinetic energy for reflection and trapping is evaluated approximately with a variational method.
Downloads: 22
[texts]A BeppoSAX observation of the massive X-ray binary 4U1700-37 - A. P. Reynolds
A 0.5-200 keV BeppoSAX spectrum of the non-pulsating high-mass X-ray binary 4U1700-37 is presented. The spectrum is well characterized by the standard accreting pulsar model of an absorbed power-law with a photon index of 1.07 +0.02 -0.03, sharply modified by an exponential cutoff above 5.9 +/- 0.2 keV. The e-folding energy of the cutoff is 23.9 +/-0.5 keV. A soft bremsstrahlung component with a temperature of 0.2 +/- 0.1 keV is also required, together with a narrow iron line at 6.5 keV...
Downloads: 20
[texts]Mass Loss History of the AGB star, R Cas - Toshiya Ueta
We report here on the discovery of an extended far-infrared shell around the AGB star, R Cassiopeia, made by AKARI and Spitzer. The extended, cold circumstellar shell of R Cas spans nearly 3 arcmin and is probably shaped by interaction with the interstellar medium. This report is one of several studies of well-resolved mass loss histories of AGB stars under AKARI and Spitzer observing programs labeled "Excavating Mass Loss History in Extended Dust Shells of Evolved Stars (MLHES)".
Downloads: 24
[texts]Synthesis and Optimization of Reversible Circuits - A Survey - Mehdi Saeedi
Reversible logic circuits have been historically motivated by theoretical research in low-power electronics as well as practical improvement of bit-manipulation transforms in cryptography and computer graphics. Recently, reversible circuits have attracted interest as components of quantum algorithms, as well as in photonic and nano-computing technologies where some switching devices offer no signal gain...
Downloads: 30
[texts]The All Sky Automated Survey. The Catalog of Variable Stars. III. 12h - 18h Quarter of the Southern Hemisphere - G. Pojmanski
This paper describes the third part of the photometric data from the 9 x 9 deg ASAS camera monitoring the whole southern hemisphere in V-band. Preliminary list of variable stars based on observations obtained since January 2001 is presented. Over 3,200,000 stars brighter than V=15 on 18,000 frames were analyzed and 10453 were found to be variable (1718 eclipsing, 731 regularly pulsating, 849 Mira and 7155 other stars)...
Downloads: 26
[texts]Geometric Nonlinear PID Control of a Quadrotor UAV on SE(3) - Farhad Goodarzi
Nonlinear PID control systems for a quadrotor UAV are proposed to follow an attitude tracking command and a position tracking command. The control systems are developed directly on the special Euclidean group to avoid singularities of minimal attitude representations or ambiguity of quaternions. A new form of integral control terms is proposed to guarantee almost global asymptotic stability when there exist uncertainties in the quadrotor dynamics...
Downloads: 28
[texts]Generalized-Ensemble Algorithms: Enhanced Sampling Techniques for Monte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics Simulations - Y. Okamoto
In complex systems with many degrees of freedom such as spin glass and biomolecular systems, conventional simulations in canonical ensemble suffer from the quasi-ergodicity problem. A simulation in generalized ensemble performs a random walk in potential energy space and overcomes this difficulty. From only one simulation run, one can obtain canonical-ensemble averages of physical quantities as functions of temperature by the single-histogram and/or multiple-histogram reweighting techniques...
Downloads: 14
[texts]Restructuring Counterparty Credit Risk - Claudio Albanese
We introduce an innovative theoretical framework to model derivative transactions between defaultable entities based on the principle of arbitrage freedom. Our framework extends the traditional formulations based on Credit and Debit Valuation Adjustments (CVA and DVA). Depending on how the default contingency is accounted for, we list a total of ten different structuring styles. These include bipartite structures between a bank and a counterparty, tri-partite structures with one margin lender in...
Downloads: 129
[texts]A strategy for implementing non-perturbative renormalisation of heavy-light four-quark operators in the static approximation - F. Palombi
We discuss the renormalisation properties of the complete set of $\Delta B = 2$ four-quark operators with the heavy quark treated in the static approximation. We elucidate the role of heavy quark symmetry and other symmetry transformations in constraining their mixing under renormalisation. By employing the Schroedinger functional, a set of non-perturbative renormalisation conditions can be defined in terms of suitable correlation functions...
Downloads: 24
[texts]Notes to the early history of the Knot Theory in Japan - Jozef H. Przytycki
We give a description of the growth of research on Knot Theory in Japan. We place our report in a general historical context. In particular, we compare the development of research on mathematical topology in Japan with that in Poland and USA, observing several similarities. Toward the end of XIX century and at the beginning of XX century several young mathematicians, educated in Germany, France or England were returning to their native countries and building, almost from scratch, schools of mode...
Downloads: 37
[texts]Hyperbolic dimension of Julia sets of meromorphic maps with logarithmic tracts - Krzysztof Barański
We prove that for meromorphic maps with logarithmic tracts (e.g. entire or meromorphic maps with a finite number of poles from class $\mathcal B$), the Julia set contains a compact invariant hyperbolic Cantor set of Hausdorff dimension greater than 1. Hence, the hyperbolic dimension of the Julia set is greater than 1.
Downloads: 26
[texts]Artificial Brownian motors: Controlling transport on the nanoscale - Peter Hanggi
In systems possessing spatial or dynamical symmetry breaking, Brownian motion combined with symmetric external input signals, deterministic or random, alike, can assist directed motion of particles at the submicron scales. In such cases, one speaks of "Brownian motors". In this review the constructive role of Brownian motion is exemplified for various one-dimensional setups, mostly inspired by the cell molecular machinery: working principles and characteristics of stylized devices are discussed ...
Downloads: 20
[texts]SU(3) Clebsch-Gordan Coefficients - Marius Grigorescu
The paper contains the derivation of a general set of recurrence formulas for the calculus of the SU(3) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. The first six sections are introductory, presenting the notations and placing SU(3) in the framework of the general group theory. The following eight sections are devoted to the detailed treatment of the carrier spaces of the irreducible representations and their direct product.
Downloads: 19
[texts]On Quantum - Classical Correspondence for Baker's Map - K. Inoue
Quantum baker`s map is a model of chaotic system. We study quantum dynamics for the quantum baker's map. We use the Schack and Caves symbolic description of the quantum baker`s map. We find an exact expression for the expectation value of the time dependent position operator. A relation between quantum and classical trajectories is investigated. Breakdown of the quantum-classical correspondence at the logarithmic timescale is rigorously established.
Downloads: 21
[texts]Imitation Games - Kunihiko Kaneko
Mutual imitation games among artificial birds are studied. By employing a variety of mappings and game rules, the evolution to the edge between chaos and windows is universally confirmed. Some other general features are observed, including punctuated equilibria, and successive alternations of dominant species with temporal complexity. Diversity of species aided by the symbolization of artificial birds' song are also shown.
Downloads: 58
[texts]Existence of global strong solution and vanishing capillarity-viscosity limit in one dimension for the Korteweg system - Frédéric Charve
In the first part of this paper, we prove the existence of global strong solution for Korteweg system in one dimension. In the second part, motivated by the processes of vanishing capillarity-viscosity limit in order to select the physically relevant solutions for a hyperbolic system, we show that the global strong solution of the Korteweg system converges in the case of a $\gamma$ law for the pressure ($P(\rho)=a\rho^{\gamma}$, $\gamma>1$) to entropic solution of the compressible Euler equation...
Downloads: 24
[texts]Four positive formulae for type A quiver polynomials - Allen Knutson
We give four positive formulae for the (equioriented type A) quiver polynomials of Buch and Fulton. All four formulae are combinatorial, in the sense that they are expressed in terms of combinatorial objects of certain types: Zelevinsky permutations, lacing diagrams, Young tableaux, and pipe dreams (also known as rc-graphs). Three of our formulae are multiplicity-free and geometric, meaning that their summands have coefficient 1, and correspond bijectively to components of a torus-invariant sche...
Downloads: 17
[texts]Tracing the structure of the Milky Way with detached eclipsing binaries from the VVV survey - I. The method and initial results - K. G. Hełminiak
We present the first results of a project aiming to trace the spatial structure of the Milky Way using detached eclipsing binaries (DEBs) as distance indicators. A sample of DEBs from the OGLE-II catalogue was selected and their near infrared photometry was taken from the Vista Variables in the Via Lactea (VVV) survey. The I band OGLE-II light curves are used to create models of the DEBs, which together with the VVV photometry are compared with a set of theoretical isochrones...
Downloads: 27
[texts]On the volume of the polytope of doubly stochastic matrices - Clara S. Chan
We study the calculation of the volume of the polytope B_n of n by n doubly stochastic matrices; that is, the set of real non-negative matrices with all row and column sums equal to one. We describe two methods. The first involves a decomposition of the polytope into simplices. The second involves the enumeration of ``magic squares'', i.e., n by n non-negative integer matrices whose rows and columns all sum to the same integer...
Downloads: 29
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